A RARE, UNHERALDED CHAMPION OF AMERICAN WORKERS
By Dick Meister
How many people can you name who truly devoted their
entire lives to helping others? Not many, I'd guess. So
let me tell you about Jim Drake.
He was a Protestant minister, a key but largely unsung driving force in
the rise of the United Farm Workers union and in other efforts to improve
the lot of poor, oppressed and powerless workers.
Drake died this month at 63 in Massachusetts. He had been there since 1995,
leading an interdenominational organization that helped immigrants,
minorities and others secure affordable housing and better schools and
freely exercise their civil rights.
That was but one of several such projects Drake was involved with during
his all-too-short life. He helped workers in Texas' Rio Grande Valley get
water and sewage facilities for their badly neglected communities. He led a
campaign in New York City that brought 800 units of affordable housing and a
new public high school to South Bronx. He helped pulpwood cutters in
Mississippi negotiate contracts with paper manufacturers that brought much
needed improvements in their pay and working conditions.
But it was Drake's work with the farmworkers union that stands out above
all. For 19 years, from the union's very beginnings in 1962, he served as
one of UFW President Cesar Chavez's top aides.
The two met shortly after Drake, a chunky, intense young pastor only
recently ordained, joined the California Migrant Ministry, an ecumenical
group whose mission included helping bring economic and social justice to
the state's highly exploited farmworkers.
Drake had been assigned to community organizing tasks. Chavez, who was then
leading the community organization that was to become the union, agreed to
train Drake by taking him on as a part-time staffer. He soon became
Chavez's full-time administrative assistant, his salary paid by the Migrant
Drake was admittedly head-strong, impatient and paternalistic, but he
learned from Chavez the calm patience that was the union leader's greatest
asset. As important, Drake learned that the key to successful organizing,
as Chavez so effectively proved, was to convince workers to organize
themselves rather than wait for commands from a paternalistic leader.
"I really thought Cesar was crazy," Drake once recalled. "Everything he
wanted to do seemed impossible."
But thanks in part to Drake's work, the seemingly impossible eventually was
realized. He joined with Chavez and other union officers and staffers in
almost daily and nightly meetings in the homes of farmorkers, giving them
guidance but never orders.
Drake helped organize the union's founding convention, helped lead the
dramatic strikes, boycotts and marches that captured national and
international attention and support. He helped rally the support of other
clerics, despite heavy pressure from ministers of grower-dominated
congregations. He registered voters who backed UFW-supported candidates and
ballot measures, raised money to pay rent and buy food for strikers -- and
much, much more.
"Whatever the need was, Jim was there," noted Dolores Huerta, a co-founder
and longtime officer of the UFW. "He had a very, very big heart."
Copyright Dick Meister, a freelance columnist in San Francisco who
co-authored "A Long Time Coming: The Struggle to Unionize America's Farm